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Courses

Environmental science

Complete course descriptions can be found in the Grenfell Campus section of the Calendar.

The University Calendar is the authority for all course information.


 

Fall Courses

 

SubjectDescriptionPrerequisites/ Notes
ENVS 2360 - Geological Hazards and Natural DisastersThis course will introduce students to the geological aspects of the natural environment and the impacts that natural geological processes and phenomena may have on humanity. The impact of geological hazards and natural disasters on human society and behaviour will be examined through case studies.

Prerequisite: This course is restricted to students with fifteen credit hours or more

 

ENVS 2370 - Global Environmental ChangeThis course offers a journey through Earth's history including the Earth's origin, evolution of the mantle, origin of the continents, origin and evolution of the Earth's atmosphere and oceans, and the origin of life. The focus is on the Earth as a dynamic system including major global environmental changes associated with the evolution of the planet. Following a discussion of how the Earth arrived at its present physical, chemical and biological state the course examines ecological interactions, transformations and human impacts on the planet.Prerequisite: • Prerequisite: restricted to students with thirty credit hours or more
ENVS 2371 - OceanographyHistorical review of science of oceanography. Earth and Earth systems (including plate tectonics). Marine sediments and sedimentary environments. Chemical and physical properties of seawater. The atmosphere and the oceans, ocean circulation. Waves and tides, coastal environments, distribution of organisms. Applied oceanography.Prerequisite: This course is restricted to students who have completed thirty credit hours or more
ENVS 3110 - Taxonomy of Flowering PlantsA study of the biodiversity of flowering vascular plants (Magnoliophyta) through the practical identification of Newfoundland families, genera, and species. Related taxonomic and biogeographical principles will be stressed.

Prerequisite: Biology 2010 or equivalent

Lab: Three two-hour laboratory periods per week of integrated practice and theory

Note: 1) Credit can be obtained for only one of ENVS 3110 or Biology 3041. 2) Students must submit a collection of flowering plants identified to the species level. Detailed instructions should be obtained from the instructor in the spring/summer prior to the commencement of this course

ENVS 3131 - Impacted Terrestrial EcosystemsAn examination of ecological and evolutionary responses by organisms in terrestrial ecosystems to human-derived and natural perturbations. Advanced conceptual, empirical and experimental approaches will be used, with an emphasis on sampling local habitats.

Prerequisite: Biology 2600; and two of Biology 2010, 2122, 2210 or the permission of the instructor and Program Chair

Lab: 3 hours of laboratory per week

Note: Credit can be obtained for only one of ENVS 3131 or Biology 3610

 

ENVS 3210 - Environmental Analytical Chemistry ITreatment of data, error analysis, wet methods of analysis of laboratory and field samples. Volumetric methods for acidity, alkalinity and hardness; chemical and biological oxygen demand (COD and BOD). Gravimetric methods for sulphate and phosphates. Theory and application of specific ion electrodes analysis of metal ions, dissolved gases and halide ions. Turbidimetric and nephelometric measures of water quality. Spectrophotometric analysis of trace metal ions.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 2300 and 2210

Note: Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than seven hours per week

 

ENVS 3260 - Industrial ChemistryChemical principles used in the manu-facture of inorganic and organic chemical products; electrochemical, petrochemical, polymer, pulp and paper, agricultural, cement, cosmetics, detergent and paint industries. Processes, specific pollutants of current interest: inorganic (e.g. mercury, NOX and SOX gases, lead etc.) and organic (e.g. PCBs, chlorinated hydrocarbons, freons, pesticides/herbicides). Industrial sources and analytical methods of detection will be studied.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 2210, 2401, and Environmental Science 2261 or permission of the instructor and Program Chair

Corequisite: Envs 2261

 

ENVS 4000 - Environmental Science SeminarCurrent topics in environmental science are reviewed and discussed in a seminar format. Seminars will be presented on current research and environmental issues by faculty, students and guest speakers from universities, government and industry.Prerequisite: "This course is restricted to Environmental Science students who have completed eighty credit hours or more, including Biology 2600, Statistics 2550 and one of the following courses: Chemistry 2440, 2401, 2210 or 2300." Permission of Chair to register.
ENVS 4069 - Fundamentals of Soil SystemsThe chemistry and biology of soil, including inorganic soil components, chemistry of soil organic matter, soil equilibria, sorption phenomena on soils, ion exchange processes, kinetics of soil processes, redox chemistry of soils, soil acidity, chemistry of saline and sodic soils, organic pollutants, trace and toxic elements in soils, soil organisms (microbial decomposers, micro and macro biota), organic matter cycling, nutrient cycling and fertility and productivity, soil conservation and sustainable agriculture. Laboratory will cover a number of key physical, chemical and biological properties and procedures used in soil analyses. One or more field trips will be scheduled during laboratory sessions.

Prerequisite: Biology 2600, Earth Sciences 1000; one of Chemistry 2300, 2401, 2440 and 6 credit hours selected from Environmental Science Core (i.c.)

Note: Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than six hours per week

 

ENVS 4132 - Analytical EcologyThe assessment of environmental impacts on higher-level ecological systems requires a critical analysis of scientific reports, along with the ability to evaluate ecological terminology and concepts and associated statistical methodologies. Students in this course will critically read and analyze recent scientific literature in Environmental Biology, with selected topics at the community, ecosystem and landscape level, and examine related univariate and multivariate statistical procedures.

Prerequisite: Biology 2600, Statistics 2550 (or equivalent), with six credit hours from the Environmental Science Core (i.c.)

Lab: three-hour laboratory/discussion group each week

 

ENVS 4240 - Organic Chemistry of BiomoleculesStructure and prop-erties of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, steroids, DNA and RNA. The chemistry of the cell in relation to its toxicology; effects of bioactive agents on cells, organelles, tissues and whole organisms. Natural products including those from the rain forest and marine environments. The role of metal ions in biomolecules. Examples of biosynthesis. Chemistry and mechanisms of mutagenesis and carcinogenesis.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 2401 or 2440 or permission of the instructor and Program Chair

 

ENVS 4950 - Research Project in Environmental Science IWith the guidance of a faculty member, students will conduct a scientific study based upon original research or a critical review of extant data in an appropriate area. Students are required to submit a report and give a presentation.

Prerequisite: Permission of Program Chair

Note: This project fulfils the Core requirement for a fourth-year individual project in the area of specialization

ENVS 4951 - Honours Project in Environmental Science IUnder the guidance of a designated supervisor (or supervisors), the student will prepare a thesis proposal including a comprehensive literature review of the subject of their Honours thesis. Students will present the results of their work in both written and oral form.Prerequisite: This course is restricted to Environmental Science students who have been accepted into the Honours option

Winter Courses

SubjectDescriptionPrerequisites/ Notes
ENVS 1000 Introduction to Environmental Science

Introduction to Environmental Science

This is a survey course which examines, from the point of view of the scientist, a range of factors, principles, and issues which contribute to our understanding of the environment, and the interaction of humans with the living and non-living world.

No prerequisites
ENVS 2261 - Survey of Environmental ChemistryIntroduction to envi-ronmental problems, underlying chemistry and approaches to pollution prevention. Stratospheric chemistry and the ozone layer. Ground level air pollution. Global warming and the Greenhouse Effect. Toxic organic chemicals (TOCs), including herbicides, pesticides. Toxicology of PCBs, dioxins and furans. Chemistry of natural waters. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals. Energy production and its impact on the environment, including nuclear energy, fossil fuels, hydrogen.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 1001 or 1031 or 1051 or 2440 or the permission of the instructor and Program Chair

 

ENVS 2370 - Global Environmental ChangeThis course offers a journey through Earth's history including the Earth's origin, evolution of the mantle, origin of the continents, origin and evolution of the Earth's atmosphere and oceans, and the origin of life. The focus is on the Earth as a dynamic system including major global environmental changes associated with the evolution of the planet. Following a discussion of how the Earth arrived at its present physical, chemical and biological state the course examines ecological interactions, transformations and human impacts on the planet.Prerequisite: • Prerequisite: restricted to students with thirty credit hours or more
ENVS 3072 - Comparative Marine EnvironmentsThis course will investigate the physical, chemical, geological and biological characteristics of the major marine environments from the coastal zone to the abyss and from the equator to the poles. The objective of the course will be an integrated study of the parameters that define the various environments. Emphasis will be placed on the interaction of organism and environment. The influence of the environment on the form, function and behaviour or organisms and the influence of the organism in modification of the physical environment will be stressed.Prerequisite: Environmental Science 2371
ENVS 3130 - Freshwater EcologyThe study of freshwater ecosystems (lakes, rivers, streams, peatlands). Included are abiotic components, community structures, energy flow, biogeochemical cycles, and the evolution of natural and altered aquatic ecosystems. Emphasis will be placed on field and laboratory studies of the ecology of freshwater organisms and systems in western Newfoundland.

Prerequisite: Biology 2010, 2122, 2600; one of Chemistry 1001 or 1011

Lab: Three hours per week

 

ENVS 3211 - Environmental Analytical Chemistry IITheory and application of spectroscopic methods of analysis (including error analysis) of environmentally important compounds. Spectrophotometric, FTIR, light scattering, chromatographic (GC, GC/MS, HPLC), fluorescence, phosphorescence, atomic absorption and electroanalytical methods will be studied. Synthetic laboratory samples and field samples will be examined by these techniques.

Prerequisite: Environmental Science 3210 (or equivalent)

Note: Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than seven hours per week

ENVS 3261 - Atmospheric ChemistryElectronic, vibrational and rotational spectroscopy. Rates and mechanisms of gas phase reactions (particularly photochemical). Thermodynamics of the atmosphere. Formation, evolution and structure of the Earth's atmosphere. Chemical and physical properties of the atmospheric gases. Global element cycles. The stratosphere and ozone variability. The iono-sphere. Atmospheric pollutants. Problems of the "greenhouse" gases. Aerosol chemistry. Wet and dry deposition.Prerequisite: Chemistry 2300, 2210 or the permission of the instructor and Program Chair
ENVS 4133 - Conservation BiologyThis course will bring together the principles of ecology and conservation biology at an advanced level. Current issues and techniques will be discussed with an aim towards understanding how populations of native flora and fauna can be managed for long-term conservation in the face of habitat degradation and loss.

Prerequisite: At least two of ENVS 3110, 3130, and 3131; or per-mission of instructor

Lab: Three-hour laboratory/discussion group per week

Note: Recommended: ENVS 4132 (formerly Biology 4360)

ENVS 4950 - Research Project in Environmental Science IWith the guidance of a faculty member, students will conduct a scientific study based upon original research or a critical review of extant data in an appropriate area. Students are required to submit a report and give a presentation.

Prerequisite: Permission of Program Chair

Note: This project fulfils the Core requirement for a fourth-year individual project in the area of specialization

ENVS 4959 - Research Project in Environmental Science IIThis is a continuation of Environmental Science 4951 specifically for Honours students. Under the supervision of faculty member(s), students will carry out an original research project in environmental science. Students will present both a thesis and seminar on their research.

Prerequisite: Environmental Science 4951

Note: This course is restricted to honours candidates

Office of the Registrar

Grenfell Campus, Memorial University of Newfoundland
20 University Drive, Corner Brook, NL
A2H 5G4, Canada

Office: AS 277
Phone: (709) 637-6298
Email: info@grenfell.mun.ca