Jianghua Wu, B.Sc. (Nanjing University), M.Sc. (Nanjing University), GIS Graduate Certificate (University of Southern California) Ph.D. (McGill)
Professor – Sustainable Resource Management
Phone: (709) 639-2735
Dr. Wu is a Full Professor in the program of Environment and Sustainability at the School of Science and the Environment, Grenfell Campus, Memorial University. Dr. Wu is also an affiliated faculty member of Ph.D. and M.Sc. Program in Boreal Ecosystem and Agricultural Science (BEAS), Interdisciplinary M.Sc. and Ph.D. program in Environmental Science, and Ph.D. program in Transdisciplinary Sustainability. His general research interests are environmental modelling, terrestrial and aquatic biogeochemical cycling, ecosystem ecology, climatic and environmental change, spatial hydrology and geographic information science. More specifically, his research focuses on how climate change and human/natural disturbances influence the hydrological and biogeochemical processes (especially carbon, nitrogen cycling and greenhouse gas emissions), of boreal peatlands, forests and agriculture. Dr. Wu's research, focusing primarily on the biogeochemistry of ecosystem dynamics, is motivated by the need of policy-relevant science for the practical application to mitigation but more, given the current state of the climate situation, to adaptation, as the particular ecosystems he has focused on, northern peatlands, have been identified by the Global Carbon Project as one of the potential 'carbon bombs' – i.e. they become a large positive feedback due to their very large store of organic carbon and their role in the global methane cycle. Dr. Wu's present projects are to examine how climate change and human disturbances (such as drainage, peat mining, and restoration) affects the greenhouse gas emissions from boreal peatlands, and how different management scenarios affect greenhouse gas emissions in boreal agriculture. His research program is involved in both modelling and empirical observation and field measurements.
- Terrestrial Biogeochemical Cycle Processes and Modeling
- Boreal Ecosystem Ecology and Micrometeorology
- Global Climate (Environmental) Change
- Climate-Ecosystem interaction (focusing on boreal ecosystems)
- Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Science (GIS)
- Hydrology (Spatial Hydrology, Hydrological Modeling)
Current Research and Projects
Carbon cycling and greenhouse gas emissions in northern peatlands under climate change (Funded by NSERC-DG)
Develop and evaluate site-scale models to evaluate C stock change in response to climate change, development and restoration (As a sub-project of Can-Peat research network) (Funded by ECCC)
Monitoring greenhouse gas emissions from potato farming in western Newfoundland with different managements (As a sub-project of NL-Living Lab project) (Funded by AAFC)
Modeling carbon storage for NL’s provincially significant peatlands (As a sub-project of Making NL count: Employing OECM designation and wetland carbon modeling to identify new avenues for protecting ecologically and culturally significant spaces in Newfoundland and Labrador (co-Funded by ECCC and Mitacs)
Modeling the Effects of Climate Change on the Catchment Hydrology and storm water for the Area of Deer Lake, NL (Funded by Mitacs)
Examining the impacts of human disturbances and climate change on carbon cycling and water quality of boreal ecosystem (Funded by Humber River Basin Project)
Impacts of agricultural drainage and climate change on greenhouse gas emissions from northern peatlands (co-funded by CFI, RDC and NSERC)
The ecosystem functions of greenhouse gas emissions in boreal peatlands under the pressure of climate change: manipulative field experiment (Funded by NSERC)
Sustainable livelihoods of the impact assessment of the PFES program in Vietnam (Funded by Grenfell VP Research Fund)
Recent Publications (Since 2018)
(# Visiting Scholar, Post-doc research fellow, M.Sc./Ph.D. student under Dr. Wu’s supervision. Please see the full publication list https://fac.grenfell.mun.ca/jwu/SitePages/Refereed-Publications.aspx)
Le, T. T. #, Vodden, K. *, Wu, J. *, Atiwesh, G. 2023. Trade-offs and synergies in ecosystem services for sustainability. Frontiers in Sustainable Resource Management. Doi: 10.3389/fsrma.2023.1129396. (Correspondence Author).
- Medaiyese, A. O., Wu, J., Unc, A. *.2023. Utility of wood ash, paper sludge and biochar for the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from acid boreal soils. Journal of Environment Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.117202 . 330(2023): 117202.
- Shao, S. #, Wu, J., He, H., Moore, T., Bubier, J., Larmola, T., Juutinen, S., Roulet, N. *. 2022. Ericoid mycorrhiza fungi mediate the response of ombrotrophic peatlands to fertilization: a modeling study. New Phytologist. doi: 10.1111/nph.18555
- Le, T. B. #, Wu, J. *, Gong, Y. #, Dinh, M. 2022. Long-Term Warming and Nitrogen Addition Regulate Responses of Dark Respiration and Net Photosynthesis in Boreal Bog Plants to Short-Term Increases in CO2 and Temperature. Atmosphere, 2022, 13: 1644. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13101644. (Correspondence Author).
- Cheng, J. #, Xu, L. *, Wu, J. *, Xu, J., Jiang, M., Feng, W., Wang, Y. 2022. Response of ecosystem respiration and methane fluxes to warming and nitrogen addition in a subtropical littoral wetland. Catena, 215(2022): 106335. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2022.106335. (Correspondence Author).
- Lu, F.#, Wu, J., Yi, B., Xu, Z., Wang, M., Sundberg, S., Bu, Z*. 2022. Long-term phosphorus addition strongly weakens the carbon sink function of a temperate peatland. Ecosystems. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-022-00754-9.
- Le, T. B. #, Wu, J. *, Gong, Y. #. 2022. Vascular plants regulate responses of boreal peatland Sphagnum to climate warming and nitrogen addition. Science of the Total Environment. 819 (2022): 152077. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.152077. (Correspondence Author).
- Shao, S. #, Wu, J., He, H., Roulet, N. *. 2022. Integrating McGill Wetland Model (MWM) with peat cohort tracking and microbial controls. Science of the Total Environment. 806 (2022): 151223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.151223.
- Wu, J. #, Wang, H., Li, G. *, Wu, J. *, Gong, Y. #, Wei, X. 2022. Unimodal response of N2O flux to changing rainfall amount and frequency in a wet meadow in the Tibetan Plateau. Ecological Engineering. 174 (2022): 106461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoeng.2021.106461. (Correspondence Author).
- Wu, J. *, Peichl, M., Luan, J., Connolly, J., Xu, L. 2021. Editorial: Wetland ecology and biogeochemistry under natural and human disturbance. Frontiers in Earth Science. 9: 752101. doi: 10.3389/feart.2021.752101. (Correspondence Author).
- Gong, Y.#, Wu J. *. 2021. Vegetation composition modulates the interaction of climate warming and elevated nitrogen deposition on nitrous oxide flux in a boreal peatland. Global Change Biology. 2021 (00): 1-11. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.15865. (Correspondence Author).
- Wu, J. #, Wang, H., Li, G. *, Wu, J. , Ma, W. #. 2021. Vertical and seasonal changes in soil carbon pools to vegetation degradation in a wet meadow on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Scientific Report. (2021) 11:12268. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-90543-6
- Wu, J. #, Wang, H., Li, G. *, Wu, J. *, Gong, Y. #, X., Wei, Y. Lu. 2021. Responses of CH4 flux and microbial diversity to changes in rainfall amount and frequencies in a wet meadow in the Tibetan Plateau. Catena. 202 (2021) 105253. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2021.105253 (Correspondence Author).
- Gong, Y.#, Wu, J. *, Le, T. B#. 2021. Counteractions between biotic and abiotic factors on methane dynamics in a boreal peatland: Vegetation composition change vs warming and nitrogen deposition. Geoderma. 395 (2021) 115074. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2021.115074 (Correspondence Author).
- Gong ,Y.#, Wu J. *, Sey, A. #, Le, T. B#. 2021. Nitrogen addition (NH4NO3) mitigates the positive effect of warming on methane fluxes in a coastal bog. Catena. 203 (2021) 105356. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2021.105356 (Correspondence Author).
- Le, T. T. #, Vodden, K., Wu, J., Atiwesh, G. 2021. Policy responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in Vietnam. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021, 18: 559. http://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020559
- Wu, J. #, Wang, H., Li, G. *, Ma, W. #, Wu, J. *, Gong, Y. #, Xu, G. 2020. Vegetation degradation impacts soil nutrients and enzyme activities in wet meadow on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Scientific Report. (2020) 10: 21271. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-78182-9 (Correspondence Author).
- Loisel, J., Gallego-Sala, A.V., Amesbury, M.J. , Magnan, G., Anshari, G., Beilman, D., Benavides, J.C., Blewett, J., Camill, P., Charman, D.J., Chawchai, S., Hedgpeth, A., Kleinen, T., Korhola, A., Large, D., Mansilla, C.A., Müller, J., van Bellen, S., West, J.B., Yu, Z., Bubier, J., Garneau, M., Moore, T., Sannel, A.B.K., Page, S., Väliranta, M., Bechtold, M., Brovkin, V., Cole, L.E.S., Chanton, J.P., Christensen, T.R., Davies, M.A., De Vleeschouwer, F., Finkelstein, S.A., Frolking, S., Gałka, M., Gandois, L., Girkin, N., Harris, L., Heinemeyer, A., Hoyt, A.M., Jones, M.C., Joos, F., Juutinen, S., Kaiser, K., Lacourse, T., Lamentowicz, M., Larmola, T., Leifeld, J., Lohila, A., Milner, A., Minkkinen, K., Moss, P., Naafs, B.D.A., Nichols, J., O’Donnell, J., Payne, R., Philben, M., Piilo, S., Quillet, A., Ratnayake, A.S., Roland, T., Sjogersten, S., Sonnentag, O., Swindles, G.T., Swinnen, W., Talbot, J., Treat, C., Valach, A.C., Wu, J. 2020. Expert assessment of future vulnerability of the global peatland carbon sink. Nature Climate Change. 11 (2021):71-77. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-020-00944-0
- Ma, W. #, Li, G., Wu, J. *, Xu, G., Wu, J. # 2020. Respiration and CH4 fluxes in Tibetan peatlands are influenced by vegetation degradation. Catena. 195(2020):104789. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2020.104789 (Correspondence Author).
- Ma, W. #, Li, G., Wu, J. *, Xu, G., Wu, J. #, Gong, Y. # 2020. Response of soil labile organic carbon fractions and carbon-cycle enzyme activities to vegetation degradation in a wet meadow on the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau. Geoderma. 377 (2020):114565. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2020.114565 (Correspondence Author).
- Wang, M. #, Wu, J. *, Lafleur, P. 2020. Comparison of energy flux and its partitioning between a pristine bog and an adjacent abandoned peatland pasture. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 291 (2020): 108086. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108086 (Correspondence Author).
- Ashiq, W., Nadeem, M., Ali, W., Zaeem, M., Wu, J., Galagedara, L., Thomas, R., Kavanagh, V., Cheema, M. 2020. Biochar amendment mitigates greenhouse gases emission and global warming potential in dairy manure based silage corn in boreal climate. Environmental Pollution. 265 (2020) : 114869. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114869
- Gong Y.#, Wu J.*, Vogt J. #, Ma, W. # 2020. Greenhouse gas emissions from peatlands under manipulative warming, nitrogen addition and vegetation composition change: a review and data synthesis. Environmental Reviews. 28(4): 428-437. https://doi.org/10.1139/er-2019-0064 (Correspondence Author)
- Le, T. B. #, Wu. J. *, Gong, Y. #, Vogt, J. #, 2020. Graminoid removal reduced the increase of N2O fluxes due to nitrogen fertilization in a boreal peatland. Ecosystems. 24(2021): 261-271. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-020-00516-5. (Correspondence Author)
- Gymiah, A.#, Wu, J.*, Scott, R., Gong, Y. # 2020. Agricultural drainage increases the photosynthetic capacity of boreal peatlands. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 300 (2020): 106984. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2020.106984. (Correspondence Author)
- Vogt, J. #, Wu. J. *, Altdorff, D., Le, T. B. #, Gong, Y. #, 2020. Nitrous oxide fluxes of a boreal abandoned pasture do not differ from an adjacent natural bog despite distinct environmental conditions. Science of the Total Environment, 714(2020): 136648. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.136648. (Correspondence Author)
- Wang, M.#, Wu, J.*, Lafleur, P., Luan, J. # 2020. Investigation of the climatological impacts of agricultural management and abandonment on a boreal bog in western Newfoundland, Canada. Science of the Total Environment, 711(2020): 134632. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134632. (Correspondence Author)
- Wu, J.*, Gillani, S. S.#, Wang, M.# 2019. The difference in light use efficiency between an abandoned peatland pasture and an adjacent boreal bog in western Newfoundland, Canada. Wetlands, 40(2020): 733-743. doi: 10.1007/s13157-019-01224-0. (Correspondence Author)
- Zhu X., Nimmo V.#, Wu J., Thomas R. 2019. Sphagnum outcompetes feathermosses in their photosynthetic adaptation to postharvest black spruce forests. Botany, 97:585-597.
- doi: 10.1139/cjb-2019-0076.
- Luan J.#, Wu J.*, Liu S., Wang M., Roulet N. 2019. Soil nitrogen determines greenhouse gas emissions from northern peatlands under concurrent warming and vegetation shifting. Communications Biology, https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-019-0370-1. 2:132. (Correspondence Author, Nature.COM publication) (Luan J. and Wu J. made an equal contribution to this study)
- Gong Y.#, Wu J.*, Vogt J. #, Le T. # 2019. Warming reduces the increase in N2O emission under nitrogen fertilization in a boreal peatland. Science of the Total Environment, 664(2019):72-78. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.012. (Correspondence Author)
- Gong Y.#, Wu J.*, Vogt J. #, Le T. #, Yuan,T. 2018. Combination of warming and vegetation composition change strengthens the environmental controls on N2O fluxes in a boreal peatland. Atmosphere, 9, 480. doi: 10.3390/atmos9120480. (Correspondence Author)
- Wang M.#, Wu J.*, Lafleur P., Luan J. #, Chen H., Zhu X. 2018. Temporal shifts in controls over methane emissions from a boreal bog. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 262 (2018):120-134. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.07.002. (Correspondence Author)
- Wang M.#, Wu J.*, Lafleur P., Luan J. #, Chen H., Zhu X. 2018. Can abandoned peatland pasture sequestrate more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than an adjacent pristine bog in Newfoundland, Canada? Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 248: 91-108. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformat.2017.09.010. (Correspondence Author)
- Liu X. #, Chen H., Zhu Q., Wu J., Frolking S., Zhu D., Wang M., Wu N., Peng C., He X. 2018. Holocene peatland development and carbon stock of Zoige peatland, Tibetan Plateau: a modeling approach. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 18 (2018): 2032-2043. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-018-1960-0.
- Luan J., Liu S., Wu J., Wang M., Yu, Z., 2018. The transient shift of driving environmental factors of carbon dioxide and methane fluxes in Tibetan peatlands before and after hydrological restoration. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 250-251:138-146. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformat.2017.12.248.